Wednesday’s Fed minutes may provide a sense of how quickly policymakers want to move, while appearances by several Fed officials will also be parsed for clues. The U.S. data calendar features January figures on producer prices, which will be closely watched after data last week showing consumer prices hit their highest in 40 years last month. Meanwhile, earnings season is ending, but not before a last flurry of reports. And the U.K. is to release a string of economic data that looks set to keep the Bank of England on track for more rate hikes. Here’s what you need to know to start your week.
* Geopolitical tensions*
Wall Street’s three main indexes closed sharply lower on Friday after the White House warned that a Russian attack on Ukraine could begin any day. While stocks got hit, prices for Treasuries, the dollar and other safe-haven assets, such as gold rose.
Crude prices also surged as the prospect of sanctions on Russia, a top producer, added to fears over already tight global supplies.
Some analysts believe soaring crude prices could exacerbate already high inflation, adding to pressure on the Fed to raise rates more aggressively.
“By pushing energy prices even higher, a Russian invasion would likely exacerbate inflation and redouble pressure on the Fed to raise interest rates,” said Bill Adams, Chief Economist for Comerica Bank, in a note cited by Reuters.
“From the Fed’s perspective, the inflationary effects of a Russian invasion and higher energy prices would likely outweigh the shock’s negative implications for global growth,” he said.
Fed minutes, speakers
With markets already pricing in a strong chance the Fed will hike rates by half a percentage point at its upcoming March meeting, Wednesday’s minutes from the Fed's January meeting, will be scrutinized for any indications on how big a move officials are contemplating.
Last month Fed Chair Jerome Powell flagged a March lift-off and said there was “quite a bit of room” to raise interest rates without threatening the recovery in the labor market.
On Friday, Goldman Sachs said it now expects seven quarter percentage point rate hikes this year, up from its previous forecast of five, as it updated its forecast following Thursday's U.S. CPI data.
Several Fed officials are due to make appearances this week that will also be closely watched. St. Louis Fed’s Bullard and Cleveland Fed President Loretta Mester are to speak on Thursday. On Friday Fed Governor Lael Brainard speaks, as do New York Fed President John Williams, Fed Governor Christopher Waller and Chicago Fed President Charles Evans.
Last Thursday Bullard said in the light of the latest CPI reading he now wants a full percentage point of interest rate hikes over the next three Fed meetings.
U.S. economic data
Markets will get an additional update on the inflation picture with Tuesday’s release of producer price inflation figures, which are expected to remain elevated.
Soaring inflation has seen consumer sentiment deteriorate so Wednesday’s data on retail sales will also be in focus this week. Retail sales are expected to have risen 1.8% last month, boosted by higher auto sales.
The economic calendar features reports on industrial production, initial jobless claims, existing home sales, building permits and housing starts.
Earnings season is drawing to a close, but this week will see a big flurry of notable reports. Airbnb Inc reports on Tuesday, followed by semiconductor giant NVIDIA and Cisco Systems, which are both due to report after the close of trade on Wednesday.
Retailer Walmart, known for its everyday low pricing, reports Thursday, and is better positioned than other retailers to withstand rising price pressures. The pandemic has triggered inflation across the supply chain from labor to raw materials, forcing companies to pass higher prices onto consumers. However, many companies could still not fully offset the impact and that hit their profits.
Deere, the world’s largest maker of farm equipment reports Friday.
It’s a packed week on the U.K. economic calendar with the latest jobs figures out Tuesday, inflation data on Wednesday and retail sales on Friday.
The Bank of England has just delivered the first back-to-back rate hikes since 2004 amid surging inflation, which it expects to peak above 7%. Markets are currently pricing in another 130 basis points in hikes before the end of the year.
The jobs report is expected to show the unemployment rate unchanged from last month’s reading of 4.1% while the annual rate of inflation is expected to hold steady at 5.4%.
Retail sales are expected to rebound from December’s 3.7% slump, but inflation, rising energy bills, higher rates and tax hikes will all weigh on the outlook.
Earnings season kicks into high gear in the coming week but concerns over persistently high inflation, a hawkish Federal Reserve and uncertainty arising out of the war in Ukraine look likely to continue to dominate market sentiment.
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